What is an ankle sprain?
An ankle sprain is the injury to the ligaments of the ankle. It is very common, especially in the sporting population. It often happens during activities that involve rapid changes in direction, running on uneven surfaces, jumping and landing awkwardly or even on another person’s foot. The lateral ligaments (outside of the ankle) are the most commonly injured because they are weaker than those of the inside ankle. The severity of injury can vary and aside from ligament damage there may be fractures tendon injuries sustained.
Signs and Symptoms
- Audible (“hearing”) snap.
- Pain on inside or outside of the foot.
- Swelling (usually rapid onset).
- Difficulty weight bearing.
The Physiotherapist will provide a thorough assessment to determine the extent of the injury and decide upon the best course of action. Treatments aimed at decreasing swelling, improving strength and balance, increasing ankle range of motion and in meeting the lifestyle goals of clients may include the following:
- Oedema (swelling) massage.
- Soft tissue massage.
- Joint mobilisation.
- Education and advice.